R value is the ability of thermal resistance of a specific type of insulation based on the thickness of this insulation to transfer heat through the insulation. In fact the higher the R value the better the insulation properties when it comes to roof insulation. In fact what this means is by increasing or decreasing the thickness of the insulation one can change the effectiveness. Importantly remember that compressing insulation will reduce the R value to the compressed thickness of the insulation. With regards U value the lower the better. A lower U value equals a higher R value.
R value of Roof Insulation
In fact some insulation products will achieve a higher R value on the same thickness than other Roof insulation products. Sometimes this can be effected by the Roof Insulation density. As some manufactures will have a lower density and a higher thickness. Other manufacturers will have a higher density and a lower thickness. What is better you may ask? Well, nothing really because the R value will be the same. However in my opinion I would rather opt for the achieved R value of the thickest insulation. Roof Insulation products like Aerolite Insulation and Isotherm Insulation achieve the recommended R values.
So how would we calculate the thermal properties of roof insulation of the specific roof insulation material using K value. In fact this is quite simple. Check the thickness of the roof insulation in relation to one metre and multiply this by the K value of the roof insulation. So if the roof insulation is 145mm thick you will multiply .145 ÷ K value= Rvalue.
- This is in simple terms R value is measured inmetres squared Kelvin per Watt ( m2K/W)
- For example lets say we have Aerolite insulation that is 135mm thick and the insulation has a K value 0.04.
- 135 divided by K value 0.04 = R value 3.37. This would be SANS compliant for the Western Cape region.
- Remember R value only takes conduction into account and not convection or radiation.
- Thereare times when you would only take U value into account. Om the building of walls and window options etc.
In fact the U value of a home is a combination of opposite of the total thermal resistance of this element. The U value is the measure of heat loss through the thickness of insulation. However this includes all three heat loss factors. Namely Conduction, Convection and Radiation.
Remember the ambient temperature outside the home plays an important roll in the calculation of U value. Importantly remember the lower the U value the more effective the Insulation will be.
In fact this same formula can be used when calculating brick work for side walls. Once you have factored the U value of the walls with the cavity space you can then work out what thickness insulation to fit in the walls. Insulating the walls with polystyrene or Isoboard will give a huge R value. This in turn will make the home far more energy efficient.
Calculating U value
Calculating U value is a very complicated exercise and is better done on a U value calculator.
- Giving an example of the U value of standard brick walls with cavity gap approximate U value 1.6 W/m2K approximately.
- Another example of dry wall partitioning with cavity space U value 1.5 W/m2K with the correct thickness U value 0.18 W/m2K. This is almost six times more efficient than the dry walling.
- A solid wall will give a U value 2 W/m2K approximately.
- However remember when considering R value or thermal resistance the higher numbers are better.
As energy has become a important factor in the building of all new homes the U value has become an important factor when building homes. The lower the U value of windows doors and walls the better the energy saving. When it comes to the roof space R value is King and the higher the R value the more efficient the roof insulation properties.
Some examples of U value in Buildings
- Solid brick wall 2 W/m2K
- Cavity space wall without insulation 1.5 W/m2K
- Insulated Cavity space wall 0.18 W/m2Single pane glass windows 4.5 to 5.5 W/mK
- Double glazed glass windows 1.2 to 3.2 dependent of type and thickness of glass.
- Triple Glazed glass windows 0.9 W/m2K
- Solid wooden Doors 3 W/m2K
- As we can see some options have rather large U value in effect this is not effective in energy conservation.